A Companion to Ancient Philosophy by Mary Louise Gill, Pierre Pellegrin

By Mary Louise Gill, Pierre Pellegrin

A significant other to historical Philosophy presents a complete and present assessment of the historical past of historic Greek and Roman philosophy from its origins until eventually overdue antiquity.Comprises an intensive number of unique essays, that includes contributions from either emerging stars and senior students of old philosophyIntegrates analytic and continental traditionsExplores the improvement of assorted disciplines, comparable to arithmetic, common sense, grammar, physics, and medication, when it comes to historical philosophyIncludes an illuminating creation, bibliography, chronology, maps and an index

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Xenophanes’ universe, as revealed by his cosmology, hardly has much unity. But it turns out that Xenophanes has a second branch to his theorizing; the universe that is a subject for empirical cosmology, is not the whole universe. 4 Though our knowledge of this theology is tantalizingly incomplete (and Aristotle, who had read it entire, found it “unclear” at certain vital points), it seems that it was based on the principle that a god, or at least a supreme god, must be in every possible respect complete and perfect.

Instead of the chaos of accepted opinions, the new aesthetic of theoretical explanation requires structural unity and the maximum of symmetry and essential uniformity to be displayed in the universe. The principle later formulated as the “Principle of Sufficient Reason” seems to be implicit in this approach, and there are already signs of its conscious use in Anaximander’s explanation of why the earth remains at rest (it is symmetrically placed with regard to the rest of the kosmos). Theoretical Reflections on the Limits and Presuppositions of Cosmology: The Origins of Greek Philosophy Like every other real revolution, the revolution in cosmology was irreversible.

So far as can be seen, the Homeric-Hesiodic account of the world was the generally accepted one in archaic Greece. This is not to say that it was regarded as wholly unchallengeable, or was left wholly unchallenged. According to the Homeric-Hesiodic world-view itself, any human claim to know the truth about important matters concerning the gods, was in principle open to challenge. So Homer and Hesiod themselves had to explain how it was that they had better access to the truth than other human beings.

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