A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Volume 2 by Egon Friedell

By Egon Friedell

A Cultural background of the trendy Age: Baroque, Rococo and Enlightenment

This is the second one quantity of Friedell's huge A Cultural historical past of the fashionable Age. A key determine within the flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 global wars, this 3 quantity paintings is taken into account his masterpiece. The centuries lined during this moment quantity mark the victory of the scientifi c brain: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, battle, even morality, poetry, and faith. All structures of concept produced during this century, both commence with the scientifi c outlook as their starting place or regard it as their optimum and fi nal goal.

Friedell claims 3 major streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In usual use, by way of "Enlightenment" we suggest an severe rationalistic tendency of which initial phases have been famous within the 17th century. Th e time period "Classicism", is easily understood.

Under the time period "Revolution" Friedell contains all routine directed opposed to what has been dominant and standard. Th e goals of such activities have been home improvement the country and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of cause via sentiment, all within the identify of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency should be visible as laying the floor for an age of revolution. Th is moment quantity keeps Friedell's dramatic heritage of the riding forces of the 20 th century.

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Charles was unable to prevent Henry's conquests of 1417-19, and his acquiescence in the murder of John the Fearless of Burgundy in 1419 drove the Burgundian faction into the hands of the English and nearly lost him his crown, disinherited as he was by the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. However, following the death of both Henry V and his father, and the putative accession to the French throne of the young Henry VI, Charles claimed the throne as Charles VII and, assisted by Joan of Arc, was crowned in Reims in July 1429.

By the end of his reign Charles had succeeded in recapturing all of the lands lost to the English with the exception of the immediate area around Calais. W H E N W A R IS D O N E Hung be the heavens with black: yield, day, to night! Comets, importing change of times and states, Brandish your crystal tresses in the sky, And with them scourge the bad revolting stars That have consented unto Henry's death: King Henry the Fifth, too famous to live long: England ne'er lost a king of so much worth. 1 Henry VI, I.

With the battle won and the French dispersed, Henry withdrew with his forces to Maisoncelle for the night before undertaking a three-day trek to Calais, where he waited for a fortnight before returning to Dover on 16 November and then London where his great victory was duly celebrated in some style. This was in fact just one step in the process of conquest that would carve out a Lancastrian kingdom in France, and the hardest part was yet to come. 37 Above: These two views of the battlefield are taken from Rousseauville, which lay to the rear of the French camp.

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