By Alene Moyer
This paintings significantly addresses the age debate in moment language acquisition reviews, proposing an in-depth learn of things that are expecting overseas accessory. Quantitative and qualitative analyses ensure that cognitive, social, and mental components give a contribution to attainment, and that organic affects needs to as a result be thought of along those crucial facets of learner adventure.
Read or Download Age, Accent and Experience in Second Language Acquisition: An Integrated Approach to Critical Period Inquiry (Second Language Acquisition (Buffalo, N.Y.), 7.) PDF
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Extra info for Age, Accent and Experience in Second Language Acquisition: An Integrated Approach to Critical Period Inquiry (Second Language Acquisition (Buffalo, N.Y.), 7.)
Obviously, strategies must be identified through self-report, which can be problematic. Furthermore, their teachability is questionable, meaning that strategies may not be transferable to individual learners; even one’s own learning strategies may not be transferable to new tasks (O’Malley & Chamot, 1990). Still, these preliminary indications of the importance of cognitive style point to the need for more research in this area, particularly regarding long-term impact. 37 W:\Clients\MLM\Moyer\proof2\Moyer proof 2 09 February 2004 17:55:10 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Universal and Individual Factors in Ultimate Attainment 35 The efficacy of instruction and feedback Up to this point, I have reviewed universal and individual factors in cognitive approaches to SLA, noting some of the difficulties in researching these issues.
According to Flege’s Speech Learning Model, adult learners may rely on preexistent phonetic categories from L1, preventing the development of phonetically accurate targets for L2 sounds (Flege, 1991). At issue is the adult’s reduced sensitivity to specific phones that are not members of his L1 inventory. Evidence shows that, with or without training, an adult can perceive these contrasts with accuracy, but may not be able to produce them accurately. This raises the question of an age-related decline in motor control over articulatory organs.
A more recent proposal by Iandoli (1990) draws attention to the importance of identity in the target language as key to developing authentic intonation and stress. Her proposal incorporates the common philosophy of the approaches cited above – a more holistic appreciation of the importance of authentic pronunciation: There is a distinct pleasure in being able to interact with native speakers without paying undue attention to one’s ‘foreignness,’ and an even greater pleasure in being thought to come from ...