Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, by Esa Itkonen

By Esa Itkonen

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Additional resources for Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology and Philosophy of Science (Human Cognitive Processing, Volume 14)

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That is, this formalization at least recognizes the above-mentioned change in interpretation which always accompanies abduction, although it still gives a rather schematic account of this change. ) Of course, the inference itself does not tell why the change from ‘O1&O2’ to ‘O1∼O2’ is regarded as supporting the postulation of ‘T’. But this is what happens in fact: a theory which claims to establish connections is – literally – more promising than one which does not. 33 (1891-1965) Chapter 1. e.

Type 3 (= ‘ontologically and epistemically asymmetric’) is exemplified by inventions or creations of any kind: first, B neither exists nor is known (to exist); next, someone invents the idea of B and then brings B into existence. e. on more primitive (analogical) models of some sort. This is shown with exceptional clarity by Gutenberg’s own account of how he came to invent the printing press (cf. 4 He knew that figures and words could be printed by means of engraving them on wood, applying thick ink on engravings, and then rubbing moist paper against them.

The prepositions a(b) or von). Therefore a more ‘indirect’ version of localist-metaphorical grammar seems called for. e. nominative – accusative – dative and ergative – absolutive – dative, correspond, ultimately, to the semantic roles ‘agent’, ‘theme’, and ‘location’. ‘Agent’ is (nearly) self-explanatory; and it is a non-localist notion. ‘Location’ subsumes such less abstract roles as ‘experiencer’, ‘possessor’, ‘recipient’, and ‘contact-patient’ (like in He hit the window). ‘Theme’ subsumes ‘change-of-state patient’ (like in He broke the window) as well as ‘topic-ofdiscourse’ (like the referent of the subject in The bank is next to the Post Office, where the rest of the sentence is, literally, ‘location’).

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