By Friedrich Stadler
This abridged and revised variation of the unique e-book (Springer-Wien-New York: 2001) deals the single finished background and documentation of the Vienna Circle in keeping with new assets with an cutting edge historiographical method of the learn of technology. on the subject of formerly unpublished archival fabric and more moderen literature, it refutes a few frequent clichés approximately "neo-positivism" or "logical positivism". Following a few insights at the relation among the historical past of technology and the philosophy of technological know-how, the booklet bargains an obtainable creation to the complicated topic of "the upward push of clinical philosophy” in its socio-cultural historical past and ecu philosophical networks until eventually the compelled migration within the Anglo-Saxon world.
The first a part of the publication specializes in the origins of Logical Empiricism earlier than international battle I and the improvement of the Vienna Circle in "Red Vienna" (with the "Verein Ernst Mach"), its destiny in the course of Austro-Fascism (Schlick's homicide 1936) and its ultimate expulsion by way of National-Socialism starting with the "Anschluß" in 1938. It analyses the dynamics of the Schlick-Circle within the highbrow context of "late enlightenment" together with the mins of the conferences from 1930 on for the 1st time released and offers an in depth description of the conferences and overseas team spirit of technology meetings among 1929 and 1941.
The chapters introduce the top philosophers of the Schlick Circle (e.g., Hans Hahn, Otto Neurath, Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Felix Kaufmann, Edgar Zilsel) and describe the conflicting interplay among Moritz Schlick and Otto Neurath, the longer term verbal exchange among Moritz Schlick, Friedrich Waismann and Ludwig Wittgenstein, in addition to among the Vienna Circle with Heinrich Gomperz and Karl Popper. furthermore, Karl Menger's "Mathematical Colloquium" with Kurt Gödel is gifted as a parallel circulate. the ultimate bankruptcy of this part describes the loss of life of the Vienna Circle and the pressured exodus of scientists and intellectuals from Austria. the second one a part of the ebook features a bio-bibliographical documentation of the Vienna Circle individuals and for the 1st time of the assassination of Moritz Schlick in 1936, by means of an appendix comprising an in depth checklist of assets and literature.
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Extra resources for The Vienna Circle: Studies in the Origins, Development, and Influence of Logical Empiricism (Vienna Circle Institute Library, Volume 4)
In Göttingen he studied physics and mathematics with Ludwig Boltzmann, Felix Klein, and David Hilbert and wrote his dissertation there, On the Criteria for the Stability of the Movement of a Material Point and Their Relevance to the Principle of the Smallest Effect, in 1906. Four years later he wrote his habilitation thesis about The Principle of Relativity in Mechanics and Electrodynamics in Vienna. ) 1965; Frank 1949a, 1952, 1979; Vienna Circle Foundation Amsterdam/Haarlem (WKA/VCF), Holton 2006.
This is what the second part of my study aims to achieve. The way through which the cognition of objective reality becomes possible is to be found in the way of the cognition of the theory. This is the third main point of this study: that the method of our cognition of reality determines the theory. , rational, we can arrive at an objective reality. Objective reality is conceived as that which establishes the logicality of experienced reality, which explains it; and its existence has to be presupposed if the latter is to be logically comprehensible at all.
The independent, yet ultimately convergent position of the young Viktor Kraft8 may also be mentioned in connection with the origins of Logical Empiricism. Even though, according to the sources consulted thus far, he does not appear to have belonged to the original discussion circle, Kraft’s theoretical and practical contribution to scientific philosophy at the university and to adult education in Vienna constituted a further building block for the development of the scientific world conception in the period between the two world wars.