By Martin Heidegger
»Was heißt Denken?« versammelt Heideggers berühmte Vorlesungen zum Thema aus den Jahren 1951 und 1952. Warum denken wir noch nicht? »Das Bedenklichste ist, das wir noch nicht denken«. Denn in das, »was Denken heißt, gelangen wir, wenn wir selber denken. Damit ein solcher Versuch glückt, müssen wir bereit sein, das Denken zu lernen«. Heidegger lagen von seinen Werken besonders diese Vorlesungen am Herzen.
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Additional info for Was heißt Denken? (Was bedeutet das alles?; Reclams Universal-Bibliothek)
The proper end of medicine may require a shared obligation between patient and physician. The recent tendency to move toward a patient-dominated model of medicine, led by medical ethicists and philosophers, and more recently by lawyers, is probably unworkable. We suspect that the implications of this movement are unacceptable to many patients. There is little doubt that in the case of medicine when "a portion of the community understands the engagement in the original strict sense, the obligation becomes difficult to determine, and the judgements of conscientious persons regarding it become divergent and perplexed".
This assertion has led to another: that the physician is a mere provider of a product or service - medical care - and that this product can be purchased and consumed at the will of the consUiner. All 8 MARK SIEGLER AND ANN DUDLEY GOLDBLATT these changes have occurred in a political environment that emphasizes individual rights and liberties. There is no doubt, then, that our society's understanding of medicine is unclear and the paternalistic approach to the patient is under attack. III. SIDGWICK AND THE PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIETAL PROMISES Moral dilemmas arise in any period of social uncertainty and change.
No formula or simple rule will resolve all clinical dilemmas, but physicians who use clinical intuition to help determine their actual decisions in individual cases have a potentially coherent procedure which can be applied, explained and subjected to public scrutiny. VI. , published his book Qinical Judgment in 1967 . He urged clinicians to utilize the methods of scientific reasoning to improve their ability to make therapeutic decisions, one type of clinical decision. In contrast to therapeutic decisions, Feinstein noted that there was another type of clinical decision which he called 'environmental' and which he believed was not susceptible to scientific analysis.